In the aftermath of the Madrid bombings 2003 and London bombings one year later came - finally in 2008 - the European action plan on enhancing the security of explosives. This plan included 48 actions focusing on prevent, detect and response actions (mitigate and react). From this plan came also the security research topic within the seventh framework programme (and EXPEDIA answered the last call in this programme). An overview of the implementation progress of the different actions in the different member states was published in 2012.
In order to further address the problem caused by the misuse of explosive precursors by terrorists, was a new regulation proposed and came into force in September 2012. REGULATION (EU) No 98/2013 on the marketing and use of explosives precursors has the aim to protect the citizens of Europe from the threat from HMEs. The EXPEDIA project is a complement to this regulation.
The research preventing that normal day-to-day chemicals being turned into dangerous home-made explosives were initiated by the European commission through the FP 7 project PREVAIL. PREVAIL has found promising solutions and earned insight into the complexity of balancing on the line between legal uses of precursor products and preventing terrorists/persons with illegal intentions to find ways to counteract the solutions. The PREVAIL project ended October 2013.
The overall objective of the LOTUS project was to develop a new anti-terrorism tool for law enforcement agencies, in the form of an integrated surveillance system for continuous chemical background monitoring with fixed site or mobile detectors to identify chemical hotspots such as bomb or drug factories. The LOTUS project ended December 2011.
The Emphasis project takes off from the LOTUS project and included also sewage waste water sensors as well as sensors for remote detection of volatiles and trace levels of precursors. The EMPAHIS project will end December 2014.
The BONAS project is a sister project to EMPHASIS and as such answers to the same research call but in a different way. The project includes sensors for detection of traces of HMEs in air and waste water. Both projects had a joint final demonstration at FOI premises in September 2014 that was very successful.
All security projects within the Seventh framework programme can be found at: CORDIS
Dr. Malin Kölhed, Ph.D.
Dr. Henric Östmark
This project has received funding from the research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 604987.